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Say It Right Series

Medical terms

Posted by goulnik October 28, 2007 in the Group General Discussion.

Here's a list of some common medical terms, by popular demand :-)  see next post for links to more comprehensive resources


Note : 疒 (nì) 'sick' radical (病字头 bìngzìtóu)
<small>according to Wenlin: Picture of a person lying on a bed, written sideways

found 185 characters containing this component!</small>



健康 jiànkāng health
卫生 wèishēng hygiene; health
医学 yīxué medicine
保健 bǎojiàn healthcare

会诊 huìzhěn to consult a doctor
诊察 zhěnchá to examine (a patient)
听诊 tīngzhěn to ausculate

患者 huànzhě patient
疾病 jíbìng disease; illness [zhǒng 种]
症状 zhèngzhuàng symptom
诊断 zhěnduàn diagnosis
误诊 wùzhěn misdiagnose(is)
综合症 zōnghézhèng syndrome; disease
临床 línchuáng clinical
预后 yùhòu prognosis
化验 huàyàn laboratory test
治疗 zhìliáo treatment

药物 yàowù medicines
医药品 yīyàopǐn medicines
药方 yàofāng prescription
处方 chǔfāng prescription [zhāng 张]; to prescribe
药典 yàodiǎn pharmacopoeia [bù 部]
药店 yàodiàn p.w. drugstore; pharmacy [jiā 家]
剂量 jìliàng dosage; posology
反应 fǎnyìng response (to treatment)
最佳 zuìjiā optimum (e.g. treatment)
禁忌症 jìnjìzhèng contra-indication
副作用 fùzuòyòng side-effect
非处方药 fēi chǔfāng yào OTC

口服 kǒufú take orally
片剂 piànjì tablet [piàn 片]
胶囊 jiāonáng capsule
针剂 zhēnjì injection

化疗 huàliáo chemotherapy
放疗 fàngliáo radiotherapy
抗生素 kàngshēngsù antibiotic
抗菌素 kàngjūnsù antibiotic
维生素 wéishēngsù vitamin [kē 颗]

肿瘤 zhǒngliú tumor
癌症 áizhèng cancer        
转移 zhuǎnyí metastasis
慢性 mànxìng chronic
急性 jíxìng acute

淋巴 línbāliú  lymphoma
肺癌 fèi'ái lung cancer
脑瘤 nǎoliú brain tumor
肉瘤 ròuliú sarcoma
卡波西 Kaposi (sarcoma)
乳腺癌 rǔxiàn'ái breast cancer
白血病 báixuèbìng leukemia

皮肤 pífū skin
直肠 zhícháng rectum
结肠 jiécháng colon
前列腺 qiánlièxiàn prostate
骨髓 gǔsuǐ bone marrow
卵巢 luǎncháo ovary

感染 gǎnrǎn infection
传染 chuánrǎn contagious
炎症 yánzhèng n. inflammation
免疫 miǎnyì immunity
免疫系统 miǎnyì xìtǒng immune system
流行性 liúxíngxìng epidemic
时疫 shíyì n. epidemic

流感 liúgǎn flu (influenza)
艾兹病 àizībìng AIDS
爱死病 àisǐbìng AIDS
肝炎 gānyán hepatitis
甲肝 jiǎgān hepatitis A
乙肝 yǐgān hepatitis B
丙肝 bǐnggān hepatitis C
丙型肝炎病毒 bǐngxíng gānyán bìngdú (HCV)

菌苗 jūnmiáo vaccine
疫苗 yìmiáo vaccine
接种疫苗 jiēzhòng yìmiáo to be vaccinated
过敏 guòmǐn allergy

基因 jīyīn gene
细胞 xìbāo cell
染色体 rǎnsètǐ chromosome
病毒 bìngdú virus
细菌 xìjūn germ; bacteria
病菌 bìngjūn pathogenic bacteria; germs
微生物 wēishēngwù microorganism; microbe [zhǒng 种]
微生虫 wēishēngchóng microbes; bacteria; germs [zhǒng 种]
灭菌 mièjūn sterilization; disinfection

血压 dīxuèyā blood pressure (低 dī low / 高 gāo high)
血球 xuèqiú blood cell (红 hóng hemocyte / 白 bái leucocyte)
血红蛋白 xuèhóng dànbái hemoglobin
血小板 xuèxiǎobǎn thrombocyte / platelet
出血 chūxuè  hemorrhage
血糖 xuètáng glycemia
糖尿病 tángniàobìng n. diabetes

麻醉 mázuì v. ①anesthesia(ize)
麻醉剂 mázuìjì anesthesic
麻醉药 mázuìyào n. anesthetic; narcotic
局部麻醉 júbù mázuì local anesthesia
全身麻醉 quánshēn mázuì general anesthesia

医生 yīshēng doctor (MD)
大夫 dàifu physician; doctor
护士 hùshi (hospital) nurse
牙生 yáshēng dentist (牙科医生 yákē yīshēng)
药剂师 yàojìshī n. pharmacist
麻醉师 mázuìshī anesthesiologist

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