- Introduction and Pinyin Chart
- 1 - A with Easy Consonants
- 2 - O with Easy Consonants
- 3 - A, O with Z, C, S
- 4 - A, O with ZH, CH, SH, R
- 5 - E with Easy Consonants
- 6 - E with Z, C, S, ZH, CH, SH, R
- 7 - A, O, E with G, K, H
- 8 - I with Easy Consonants
- 9 - I with Z, C, S, ZH, CH, SH, R
- 10 - I with J, Q, X
- 11 - Non-Nasal U with Easy Consonants
- 12 - Nasal U with Easy Consonants
- 13 - U with ZH, CH, SH, R
- 14 - U with G, K, H
- 15 - Ü with Easy Consonants
- 16 - Ü with J, Q, X
Non-Nasal U with Easy Consonants
The basic "u sound" in Mandarin is u, and it is a simple "oo" sound. The lips are rounded and do not change shape as the sound is produced. When u is a syllable all by itself, it is written as wu.
When you combine the basic u sound with the basic a sound, ua is produced. It is a one-syllable union of "oo-ah" and sounds like "wah." Indeed, when it is a syllable all on its own, ua is written wa.
When you combine the basic u sound with the bo-po-mo-fo o sound (see Section 2), uo is produced. It does not have a good English equivalent, but sounds similar to a one-syllable version of something like "owah." When it is a syllable all on its own, uo is written wo.
Lastly, the learner would do well to note that pinyin ui can be very misleading. It may be logical to assume that ui is formed from the basic u sound and the basic i sound. However, this is not the case. Pinyin ui actually represents a shortened form of "uei". Thus the pinyin ui sounds much like the English word "way" (and not the English word "wee").
Listen to the sounds of this section and try repeating them by clicking on the syllables below:
The following are the IPA symbols for this section's pinyin consonant sounds: