Cantonese "Yuqici" 語氣詞 (Jyu hei ci)...:P
Tags: yuqici jyuheici 語氣詞
"Borrowed" from cantonese.sheik.co.uk
|Pronunciation ||Character ||Explanation ||Example
||呀||Used in neutral questions. Also used to soften the tone of affirmative statements so they don't sound as abrupt.
nei5 heoi3 bin1 syu3 aa3?
Where are you going?
我返屋企呀ngo5 faan1 uk1 kei5
|I'm going home.|
||嘅||Used in assertions where something is emphasized (usually 係 hai6 is in front of what is being emphasized). Pronouncing it as ge2 adds a sense of puzzlement about the situation. This is equivalent to the Mandarin/written Chinese 的 dik1.||
ngo5 hai6 gam1 jat6 faan1 uk1 kei5
|I'm going home today. (the "today" is emphasized)|
||㗎/o架||Contraction of the combination 嘅呀 ge3 aa3. Pronouncing it as gaa2 adds a sense of reservation or doubt about the situation.
nei5 hai6 gei2 si4 faan1 loi4 gaa3?
|When are you coming back? (the "when" is emphasized)|
|laak3||嘞||Indicates a change of situation or a past event that has occured and adds a sense of current relevence to the statement. This is equivalent to the Mandarin/written Chinese sentence final 了 liu5.||
keoi5 faan2 zo2 uk1 kei5 laak3
|He went home.|
|laa3||嚹 or 啦||(same as 嘞 laak3)|
|laa1||喇 or 啦||Used in requests and imperatives. This is one particle where leaving it out could make the sentence sound rude, so learners should attempt to master this particle. This is equivalent to the Mandarin/written Chinese sentence final 吧 baa6.||
faan1 loi4 laa1
|Come back [please].|
||未||Used in questions asking whether an action has been done yet.
keoi5 faan1 loi4 mei6 ?
|Has he come back yet?|
||先||Can be used to mean "first" in a sentence. In questions, it may impart a sense of impatience.
ngo5 dei6 dang2 keoi5 faan1 loi4 sin1.
|We'll wait for him to come back first.|
nei5 faan1 m4 faan1 loi4 sin1?
|Are you coming back or not? [Answer me quickly.]|
||添||Can be used to mean "also," "too," or "as well" in a sentence (usually occurs with 重 zung6).
ngo5 zung6 jiu3 faan1 uk1 kei5 tim1.
|I still have to go home as well.|
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